So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter (2 Thess. 2:15). Guard what has been entrusted to you. Avoid the godless chatter and contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge, for by professing it some have missed the mark as regards faith (1 Tim. 6:21-22).

Saturday, December 31, 2016

Pope Saint Sylvester: December 31st

Sylvester I
Saint & Pope
Sancta Sedes

33rd Pope of the Catholic Church
Papacy: January 31, 314 to December 31, 335
Western feast day is December 31st; Eastern feast day is January 2nd.
Ordained by Pope St. Marcellinus

During the peaceful period following the end of Diocletian's brutal persecution of Christians, the great churches of Rome were founded by Emperor Constantine, e.g., the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Santa Croce in Gerusalemme and Old St. Peter's Basilica.

Council of Nicea
(Emperor) Constantine did not unilaterally convoke the Council (of Nicea). Instead, as the sixth ecumenical council, the Third Council of Constantinople (680-681), declared centuries later, Constantine and Pope Sylvester assembled the Council at Nicaea. 
Pope Sylvester I was represented by two papal legates, Roman priests named Victor and Vincent, and almost certainly by Bishop Hosius. (T)he two legates signed the conciliar decrees first. By custom, the priests should have signed only after the bishops, but their pre-eminence as papal representatives demanded the deference of the council fathers.

Catholic Answers
Catholic Encyclopedia
Encyclopædia Britannica
Saints Resource

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