How do we encourage journalists to practice their craft responsibly? There are monitoring organizations and professional associations to which journalists belong that provide a measure of oversight. Every profession can benefit from fraternal correction among peers.
Another way to encourage journalistic excellence is to invite journalists and their employers to colloquia. Surely journalists aren't above ongoing professional development, are they? If journalists consider trial and error to be the only form of professional development rather than, say, attending annual seminars at the Medill School of Journalism (Northwestern University) to have learned teachers adjudicate their work, it is more likely that the number of retractions issued and ensuing court cases which proceed from badly constructed articles or reports will increase and will become the 'I told you so' for those journalists who have ignored the absolute necessity of constant integrity.
Rolling Stone Article on Rape at University of Virginia Failed All Basics, Report Says